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Infectious diseases are illnesses caused by the spread of microorganisms (bacteria, viruses, fungi or parasites) to humans from other humans, animals or the environment. These pages aim to give a basic understanding of the ways infectious diseases are spread and simple, practical advice for preventing the spread of infectious disease in the home and community.
Specific infectious diseases are listed and described under (Disease Descriptions). Diseases have been included because they occur commonly or because they cause particular concern in the community. The names used are those by which these conditions are usually known, for example, impetigo is listed under school sores.
Some of the infectious diseases are described as (listing and stats from NNDSS here) notifiable. In Australia, this means that the doctor (or laboratory) diagnosing this disease is required by law, to notify all cases to the Communicable Disease Control Branch of the State Health Department. Notification ensures that steps are taken, where necessary, to prevent the spread of an infectious disease to other people in the community.
The Acts of Parliament under which the Public & Environmental Health Service has a statutory role are:
The Public & Environmental Health Service also participates in and supports a variety of formal standing committees which provide inter-agency liaison and enable sharing of expertise and information and which report to Ministers and/or Parliament:
As part of its role, the Public & Environmental Health Service keeps public health legislation under review to ensure relevance and effectiveness, and endeavours to maintain sufficient resources to meet statutory responsibilities. P&EHS is currently undertaking to:
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