on Public health
Bioterrorism - General| Bioterrorism Counter Measures| Bioterrorism - Lab Responses
Note Some information on this page
copied from SA Dept of Human Services web site.
Mosquito bites can be more
than just a nuisance. Mosquito bites can also transmit several diseases.
The most common disease passed on by mosquitoes in South Australia is Ross
River fever. Other serious infections transmitted by mosquitoes are
fever (in Northern Queensland and in tropical countries around the world)
and malaria (in tropical countries around the world).
Self protection from mosquito bites
People contract Ross
River virus from mosquitoes during summer from many parts of South
Australia. The most common areas are along the Murray River, Murray Lakes
and coastal mangrove areas. However, this should not stop people visiting
these areas as simple protection is possible.
Following this simple advice will reduce
the chance of mosquito bites and reduce the number of mosquitoes in the
Elimination of breeding sites
Wear loose fitting, light coloured clothing
covering up as much of the body as possible. Mosquitoes can bite through
tight fitting clothing, such as jeans.
Use insect repellents containing DEET
(Diethyl toluamide) to cover areas of exposed skin. Always read the manufacturer’s
instructions prior to application. Wash DEET off before going to bed in
the evening. Do not use on infants if the DEET concentration exceeds 20%.
Use insect screens on your house, boat,
caravan or tent. If this is not possible, use a mosquito net.
Mosquitoes breed in still
water (fresh and salty). Clean up mosquito breeding sites around your house.
Dispose of all containers which hold water
(cover or put holes in them).
Empty pot plant drip trays once a week
or put sand around pot plants bases to absorb water in each dish.
Replace bird baths and pets’ drinking
water at least once a week.
Boats, canoes and dinghies should be overturned
or have the drain plug removed so that they do not hold water after rain.
Screen all openings to tanks, wells or
other large water containers with wire gauze no coarser than 1 mm mesh.
Keep roof gutters in good repair and regularly
remove leaves and debris so that pools of water do not form, especially
in depressed areas.
Dispose of all waste water in such a way
that no ponding occurs. Keep all open drains and channels free from obstructions,
especially weeds, grass, and other debris.
Keep fish ponds, ornamental ponds, dams
and unused swimming pools stocked with fish. Goldfish and Australian fish
Keep swimming pools disinfected or salted.